One in four children in Barcelona is living below the poverty line, according to figures from Programa Caixa Proinfancia. The organisation highlights the most vulnerable children in the city as those from immigrant or unemployed families, or where adults in the household have little education or training, and claims that these children suffer from social exclusion.

Officials have urged that 0.5 per cent of gross domestic product (GDP) should be invested in counter-acting poverty nationally. Charities have warned that the number of children in difficult socio-economic situations in Barcelona has increased because of the economic crisis.